Dstarlights Coin - Audit Report

Summary

Dstarlights Audit Report Dstarlights Coin ($DSC) is a new community-driven DeFi token on the Binance Smart Chain that is an automatic liquidity providing protocol that pays out static rewards to holders.

The Dstarlights Token contract is deployed at 0xe82a03fece84ce50683977a67927be76abf42842 on the Binance Smartchain mainnet.

Notes on the Contract:
  • The total supply of the token is set to 10 trillion $DSC [10,000,000,000,000].
  • No minting or burn functions are present; though the circulating supply can be reduced by sending tokens to the 0x..dead address, if desired.
  • At the time of writing this report, 100% of the total $DSC token supply is in possession of the owner as the project was recently deployed.

  • There is a 'tax fee', 'liquidity fee', 'burn fee', and 'marketing fee' on all transactions for any "non-excluded" address that participates in a transfer.
  • Users who hold tokens will automatically benefit from the frictionless fee redistribution at the time of each transaction as the tokens collected through the tax fee are removed from the circulating supply.
  • The liquidity fee charged on transactions is stored in the contract and, once a threshold value (determined by the owner) is met, is used to fund Pancakeswap liquidity. This functionality can be enabled/disabled by the owner.
  • Liquidity-adds are funded by selling a portion of the tokens collected as fees (after the threshold as determined by the owner is met), then pairing the received BNB with the token, and adding it as liquidity to the BNB pair.
  • The recipient of the newly created LP tokens is the owner of the contract. The team is responsible for locking these newly acquired LP tokens.
  • The tokens collected from the burn fee are sent to the burn address.
  • The tokens collected from the marketing fee are sent to the team's marketing wallet.
  • The contract features an anti-whale mechanism which will enforce a sell limit and time limit for user's who own more than 0.8% the total supply and are attempting to sell to Pancakeswap. The sell limit is 10% of the user's total $DSC balance. The user is then prohibited from selling any more tokens for 24 hours.
  • As the project is implemented with Solidity v0.8.7, it is protected from overflows.

  • Ownership Controls:
  • Ownership has not been renounced.
  • The owner has the ability to modify the tax fee, liquidity fee, burn fee, and marketing fee to any percentages at any time.
  • The owner of the contract can exclude and include accounts from transfer fees and reward distribution.
  • The owner has the ability to set and update a maximum transaction percent at any time, which will impose a limit to the number of tokens that can be transferred during any given transaction.
  • This maximum transaction amount does not apply to the owner during transactions where the owner is either the sender or the recipient.
  • The owner can also update the maximum sell limit for addresses that are considered whales.
  • The owner can update the team's marketing wallet to any address at any time.
  • The owner has the ability to use the "lock" function in order to temporarily set ownership to address(0). Ownership is restored after the duration of time determined by the owner has passed and they use the 'unlock' function.
  • The unlock function has the potential to be used after ownership is renounced, which will restore ownership to the original owner that initially created the ownership lock. This can be used in a nefarious way by the project team to restore ownership and change fee structures.
  • We recommend that the unlock function is modified to set the "previous owner" = "address(0)" at the end of the unlock function to prevent it from being used more than once per lock.
Audit Findings Summary
  • No external threats were identified.
  • There are potential risks that exist for holders regarding the team's ability to retain control of the contract.
  • We recommend that the team renounces ownership without ever calling the lock function.
  • Please ensure trust in the team prior to investing as they have substantial control in the ecosystem.
  • Date: October 8th, 2021

Audit Results

Vulnerability Category Notes Result
Arbitrary Storage Write N/A PASS
Arbitrary Jump N/A PASS
Delegate Call to Untrusted Contract N/A PASS
Dependence on Predictable Variables N/A PASS
Deprecated Opcodes N/A PASS
Ether Thief N/A PASS
Exceptions N/A PASS
External Calls N/A PASS
Flash Loans N/A PASS
Integer Over/Underflow N/A PASS
Multiple Sends N/A PASS
Oracles N/A PASS
Suicide N/A PASS
State Change External Calls N/A PASS
Unchecked Retval N/A PASS
User Supplied Assertion N/A PASS
Critical Solidity Compiler N/A PASS
Overall Contract Safety   PASS

Function Graph

ERC20 Token Graph


Inheritence Chart

Multi-file Token


Functions Overview


 ($) = payable function
 # = non-constant function
 
 + [Int] IBEP20 
    - [Ext] totalSupply
    - [Ext] balanceOf
    - [Ext] transfer #
    - [Ext] allowance
    - [Ext] approve #
    - [Ext] transferFrom #

 + [Lib] SafeMath 
    - [Int] add
    - [Int] sub
    - [Int] sub
    - [Int] mul
    - [Int] div
    - [Int] div
    - [Int] mod
    - [Int] mod

 +  Context 
    - [Int] _msgSender
    - [Int] _msgData

 + [Lib] Address 
    - [Int] isContract
    - [Int] sendValue #
    - [Int] functionCall #
    - [Int] functionCall #
    - [Int] functionCallWithValue #
    - [Int] functionCallWithValue #
    - [Prv] _functionCallWithValue #

 +  Ownable (Context)
    - [Pub] owner
    - [Pub] renounceOwnership #
       - modifiers: onlyOwner
    - [Pub] transferOwnership #
       - modifiers: onlyOwner
    - [Pub] geUnlockTime
    - [Pub] lock #
       - modifiers: onlyOwner
    - [Pub] unlock #

 + [Int] IUniswapV2Factory 
    - [Ext] feeTo
    - [Ext] feeToSetter
    - [Ext] getPair
    - [Ext] allPairs
    - [Ext] allPairsLength
    - [Ext] createPair #
    - [Ext] setFeeTo #
    - [Ext] setFeeToSetter #

 + [Int] IUniswapV2Pair 
    - [Ext] name
    - [Ext] symbol
    - [Ext] decimals
    - [Ext] totalSupply
    - [Ext] balanceOf
    - [Ext] allowance
    - [Ext] approve #
    - [Ext] transfer #
    - [Ext] transferFrom #
    - [Ext] DOMAIN_SEPARATOR
    - [Ext] PERMIT_TYPEHASH
    - [Ext] nonces
    - [Ext] permit #
    - [Ext] MINIMUM_LIQUIDITY
    - [Ext] factory
    - [Ext] token0
    - [Ext] token1
    - [Ext] getReserves
    - [Ext] price0CumulativeLast
    - [Ext] price1CumulativeLast
    - [Ext] kLast
    - [Ext] mint #
    - [Ext] burn #
    - [Ext] swap #
    - [Ext] skim #
    - [Ext] sync #
    - [Ext] initialize #

 + [Int] IUniswapV2Router01 
    - [Ext] factory
    - [Ext] WETH
    - [Ext] addLiquidity #
    - [Ext] addLiquidityETH ($)
    - [Ext] removeLiquidity #
    - [Ext] removeLiquidityETH #
    - [Ext] removeLiquidityWithPermit #
    - [Ext] removeLiquidityETHWithPermit #
    - [Ext] swapExactTokensForTokens #
    - [Ext] swapTokensForExactTokens #
    - [Ext] swapExactETHForTokens ($)
    - [Ext] swapTokensForExactETH #
    - [Ext] swapExactTokensForETH #
    - [Ext] swapETHForExactTokens ($)
    - [Ext] quote
    - [Ext] getAmountOut
    - [Ext] getAmountIn
    - [Ext] getAmountsOut
    - [Ext] getAmountsIn

 + [Int] IUniswapV2Router02 (IUniswapV2Router01)
    - [Ext] removeLiquidityETHSupportingFeeOnTransferTokens #
    - [Ext] removeLiquidityETHWithPermitSupportingFeeOnTransferTokens #
    - [Ext] swapExactTokensForTokensSupportingFeeOnTransferTokens #
    - [Ext] swapExactETHForTokensSupportingFeeOnTransferTokens ($)
    - [Ext] swapExactTokensForETHSupportingFeeOnTransferTokens #

 +  DSTARLIGHTSCOIN (Context, IBEP20, Ownable)
    - [Pub]  #
    - [Pub] name
    - [Pub] symbol
    - [Pub] decimals
    - [Pub] totalSupply
    - [Pub] balanceOf
    - [Pub] transfer #
    - [Pub] allowance
    - [Pub] approve #
    - [Pub] transferFrom #
    - [Pub] increaseAllowance #
    - [Pub] decreaseAllowance #
    - [Pub] isExcludedFromReward
    - [Pub] totalFees
    - [Pub] reflectionFromToken
    - [Pub] tokenFromReflection
    - [Pub] excludeFromReward #
       - modifiers: onlyOwner
    - [Ext] includeInReward #
       - modifiers: onlyOwner
    - [Pub] excludeFromFee #
       - modifiers: onlyOwner
    - [Pub] includeInFee #
       - modifiers: onlyOwner
    - [Ext] setTaxFeePercent #
       - modifiers: onlyOwner
    - [Ext] setMarketingFeePercent #
       - modifiers: onlyOwner
    - [Ext] setBurnFeePercent #
       - modifiers: onlyOwner
    - [Ext] ChangeMarketingWallet #
       - modifiers: onlyOwner
    - [Ext] AmountPeopleHodl4Sell #
       - modifiers: onlyOwner
    - [Ext] setLiquidityFeePercent #
       - modifiers: onlyOwner
    - [Pub] setRouter #
       - modifiers: onlyOwner
    - [Pub] setSwapAndLiquifyEnabled #
       - modifiers: onlyOwner
    - [Ext] settoken2LP #
       - modifiers: onlyOwner
    - [Ext] setMaxTx #
       - modifiers: onlyOwner
    - [Ext]  ($)
    - [Prv] _reflectFee #
    - [Prv] _getValues
    - [Prv] _getTValues
    - [Prv] _getRValues
    - [Prv] _getRate
    - [Prv] _getCurrentSupply
    - [Prv] _takeLiquidity #
    - [Prv] calculate
    - [Prv] _Wallet #
    - [Prv] calculateTaxFee
    - [Prv] calculateWalletFee
    - [Prv] calculateLiquidityFee
    - [Prv] removeAllFee #
    - [Prv] restoreAllFee #
    - [Pub] isExcludedFromFee
    - [Prv] _approve #
    - [Prv] _transfer #
    - [Prv] swapAndLiquify #
       - modifiers: lockTheSwap
    - [Prv] swapTokensForEth #
    - [Prv] addLiquidity #
    - [Prv] _tokenTransfer #
    - [Prv] _transferStandard #
    - [Prv] _transferToExcluded #
    - [Prv] _transferFromExcluded #
    - [Prv] _transferBothExcluded #