Ultron Foundation ChainBridge
Smart Contract Audit Report
Ultron Foundation is building a new decentralized autonomous organization that manages the transfer of ERC20, ERC721, and ERC1155 tokens between chains.
For this audit, we reviewed the project team's contracts at commit 954759172f29a17674fc19ae3031d917e2a7f82c on the team's GitHub repository.
Please ensure trust in the team prior to investing as they have some control in the ecosystem.
Date: May 20th, 2022.
Finding #1 - DAO - LowDescription: setBridgeContractInitial() can be called externally by anybody.
Risk/Impact: If the bridgeContract address is not set immediately, there is a risk that it will be set to an unknown contract or wallet.
Recommendation: The team should restrict the use of this function.
Resolution: The team has not yet addressed this issue.
GenericHandler, ERC20Handler, ERC721Hander, ERC1155Handler, HandlerHelpers Contracts:
- As the contracts are implemented with Solidity v0.8.11, they are safe from any possible overflows/underflows.
- This platform should not be used with fee-on-transfer tokens; if a fee-on-transfer token is used then this contract should be excluded from the fee mechanism.
- These contracts handle token deposits and withdrawals during a cross-chain transfer.
- When tokens are deposited through the Bridge contract, they are either burned or locked in the appropriate Handler contract.
- Locked tokens are stored in the appropriate Handler contract.
- Tokens are then minted or released when the Bridge contract executes a protocol to withdraw that token.
- Only whitelisted token contracts may be used; token contracts are whitelisted using the Bridge contract.
- This contract facilitates requesting of and voting on Bridge contract protocol changes.
- Voters can create requests to make changes to the Bridge contract protocols; voters can then vote for or against the request.
- Requests are considered approved if a majority of active voters are for passing the request.
- If a voter has not voted, they are considered to be against the request.
- Approved requests can be enacted using the Bridge contract.
- Voters can request to add or remove other users from the voters list; voters can then vote on the request.
- This contract facilitates the creation of and voting on proposals, and proposal execution.
- Users can deposit ERC721, ERC1155, and ERC20 tokens; if the tokens are designated as burnable they are burned, otherwise they are stored in the appropriate Handler contracts.
- Deposits on one chain are detected by off-chain relayers that must propose withdraws on the destination chain; relayers are designated and granted rights on construction.
- Cross-chain swaps involve some off-chain logic run by the team. Please note we have not reviewed the off-chain logic related to the bridge.
- Proposals are considered passed once they have reached a threshold of votes from relayers; Relayers can execute passed proposals at any time.
- Executing a proposal is effectively executing a mint or withdraw on the destination chain.
- Once a proposal has been executed, it cannot be executed again.
- Proposals can be cancelled if they have exceeded an expiry time and not been passed.
- The expiry time for proposals is determined on contract construction.
- Users can enact protocols that have been approved by voters through the DAO.
- These protocols include:
- Pausing the bridge; this prevents deposits, relayer voting, and proposal execution.
- Changing the relayer vote threshold for protocols to pass.
- Adding a token contract to the whitelist.
- Setting a token as burnable in its handler contract.
- Updating the deposit nonce for a domain.
- Setting an address as a valid forwarder.
- Changing the admin fee amount.
- Withdrawing funds from a token safe to a designated address.
- Transferring funds from this contract to designated addresses.
- Transferring the Admin role to a new address.
- The Admin can add up to 200 addresses as relayers.
- The Admin can revoke the relayer role from any address at any time.
- This contract is used to send signed call data through a forwarder to offload gas cost.
|Arbitrary Jump/Storage Write||N/A||PASS|
|Centralization of Control||Cross-chain swaps involve some off-chain logic run by the team. Please note we have not reviewed the off-chain logic related to the bridge.||WARNING|
|Delegate Call to Untrusted Contract||N/A||PASS|
|Dependence on Predictable Variables||N/A||PASS|
|Improper Authorization Scheme||setBridgeContractInitial() can be called externally by anybody.||PASS|
|Outdated Compiler Version||N/A||PASS|
|Overall Contract Safety||PASS|
Contract Source Summary and Visualizations
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What is a Solidity Audit?
Typically, a smart contract audit is a comprehensive review process designed to discover logical errors, security vulnerabilities, and optimization opportunities within code. A Solidity Audit takes this a step further by verifying economic logic to ensure the stability of smart contracts and highlighting privileged functionality to create a report that is easy to understand for developers and community members alike.
How Do I Interpret the Findings?
Each of our Findings will be labeled with a Severity level. We always recommend the team resolve High, Medium, and Low severity findings prior to deploying the code to the mainnet. Here is a breakdown on what each Severity level means for the project:
- High severity indicates that the issue puts a large number of users' funds at risk and has a high probability of exploitation, or the smart contract contains serious logical issues which can prevent the code from operating as intended.
- Medium severity issues are those which place at least some users' funds at risk and has a medium to high probability of exploitation.
- Low severity issues have a relatively minor risk association; these issues have a low probability of occurring or may have a minimal impact.
- Informational issues pose no immediate risk, but inform the project team of opportunities for gas optimizations and following smart contract security best practices.